Presentation on theme: "Creating Citations Objective: Students will understand how to create a citation using MLA format."— Presentation transcript:
1 Creating CitationsObjective: Students will understand how to create a citation using MLA format
2 Academic Paper Formats
Academic research papers may be written in different formats depending on the type of paper being written. Commonly used styles are:MLA (Modern Language Association) - used in literature, arts and the humanitiesAPA (American Psychological Association) - used in social sciences, such as psychology and educationAMA (American Medical Association) - used in biological sciences, such as medicine and health
3 And There are More!Chicago – commonly used by individuals in the humanitiesTurabian - designed to be used by college students for any subjectIMPORTANT RULE OF THUMB –Always ask your teacher which format he/she wants you to use!
4 This tutorial will explain how to cite sources using the MLA 7th Edition Format.
5 Citation LocationsSources used to write a paper are acknowledged in two different places within the paper:As in-text citations within the text of the paper (parenthetical citations), andIn the Works Cited page at the end of the paper.
6 In-Text CitationsIn the text of your paper, you should credit any work done by another person. You do this by using the basic format of (Author’s Last Name_Page Number). These citations match up with the citations in your Works Cited page. Example: The writer should place the source information directly after the end of the paraphrase or quote by the source (Ratcliff 25).
7 Works Cited PageAt the end of your paper, list all of the sources you used in a Works Cited page. Your sources are formatted in a specific way and are called “citations.”
8 Each type of source such as books, journal articles, newspapers, magazines, websites, and images require specific information to be cited correctly.Image credit: Microsoft Clip Art Gallery
9 Let’s look at some examples!
10 Book Citation A book citation has six elements: Author Title
Place of PublicationPublisherCopyright DateMedium of Publication
11 Book Citation-How to Write
These pieces are combined in a certain order with punctuation to create the book’s citation. Basic Book Format: Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Copyright Date. Medium of Publication.
12 Book Citation-How It Looks
When the pieces for an example book are inserted into this format, the citation looks like the following:Basic Book Format:Sawyer, Sarah. Body Piercing and Tattooing: The Hidden Dangers of Body Art. New York City: Rosen, Print.
13 Journal Article Citation
A journal article citation contains different elements than a book. In general, a journal citation includes the following:Author(s)Article TitleJournal NameVolume NumberIssue NumberPublication YearPage Numbers
14 These pieces are combined in a certain order with punctuation to create a journal citation. If the article is retrieved from an article database, it also needs to include the database information as shown below.Basic Journal Format:Author(s). " Article Title." Journal NameVolume Number.Issue Number (Publication Year): Page Numbers. Database Name. Medium of Publication. Date of Access. <URL>. (if required)
15 When the pieces for an example article are inserted into this format, the citation looks like the following:Journal Citation:Atkinson, Michael. "Pretty in Ink: Conformity, Resistance, and Negotiation in Women's Tattooing." Sex Roles 47 (2008): Academic Search Premier. Web. 8 Sept
16 Website CitationsWebsite citations can be very tricky. It is sometimes difficult to find all of the required information on the website. Here is some of the information to look for:AuthorTitle of websiteSponsoring organizationDate updatedMedium of publicationDate of accessURL (MLA 7 does not require this, but your teacher may!)
17 Website Citation Basic Website Format:
Author(s). “Title of Website”. Sponsoring Organization. Date Published/Updated. Medium of Publication. Date of Access. <URL>. (if required)
18 When the pieces for an example website are inserted into this format, the citation looks like the following:Website Citation:Van Vranken, Michele. "Tattoos." KidsHealth - the Web's most visited site about children's health. The Nemours Foundation, Apr Web. 19 Feb <http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_body/body_art/safe_tattooing.html>.
19 Other online citation help pages may also be useful including:
There are so many different types of sources that we can only show you a few examples here. To find how to correctly cite ALL types of sources, refer to an MLA Handbook.Other online citation help pages may also be useful including:Concordia LibrariesPurdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)Long Island UniversityCornell University Library
20 For an MLA Format Works Cited page
All entries are alphabetized by the author’s last name.Each line after the first line of an entry is indented. (This is called a hanging indent.)All citations are double spaced.
21 Automatic Citation Makers
Automatic citation makers create your in-text citations and Works Cited page in the correct format. Several even alphabetize your sources for you. All you do is fill in the boxes for all of your sources, save your work, and then print! Warning! Automatic citation makers are not perfect. Make sure you carefully look at the citation created using these tools to verify the citation format is correct.
22 Citation Creation Resources
EasyBib – Son of Citation Machine - OSLIS MLA Citation Maker - KnightCite - The References Tab in Microsoft Word
23 Summing UpTo acknowledge the sources you use in your academic research papers, you must use in-text citations in the body of your paper AND a list of Works Cited at the end.
In this small, elegant volume, Morris explores our paradoxical relationship with the owl, symbol of both wisdom and evil. He examines its depiction in mythology, literature and art and provides an overview of its fascinating biology. Beautiful photographs illustrate the allure of this mysterious creature. – Sierra Magazine
Owl is sparely and eloquently written, scholarly aIn this small, elegant volume, Morris explores our paradoxical relationship with the owl, symbol of both wisdom and evil. He examines its depiction in mythology, literature and art and provides an overview of its fascinating biology. Beautiful photographs illustrate the allure of this mysterious creature. – Sierra Magazine
Owl is sparely and eloquently written, scholarly and highly readable . . . an entertaining and informative little gem. It will particularly appeal to the many devotees of these eternally iconic birds. – Emu-Austral Ornithology
‘The owls are not what they seem.’ From ancient Babylon to Edward Lear’s The Owl and the Pussycat and the grandiloquent, absent-minded Wol from Winnie the Pooh to David Lynch’s Twin Peaks, owls have woven themselves into the fabric of human culture from earliest times. Beautiful, silent, pitiless predators of the night, possessing contradictory qualities of good and evil, they are enigmatic creatures that dwell throughout the world yet barely make their presence known. In his fascinating new book, bestselling author and broadcaster Desmond Morris explores the natural and cultural history of one of nature’s most popular creatures.
Morris describes the evolution, the many species, and the wide spread of owls around the world – excluding Antarctica, owls are found on every land mass, and they range in size from 28 centimetres (the Least Pygmy Owl) to more than 70 centimetres tall (the Eurasian Eagle Owl). As a result of their wide distribution, owls also occur in the folk-tales, myths and legends of many native peoples, and Morris explores all these, as well as the many examples of owls in art, film, literature and popular culture.
A new title by an acclaimed author, and featuring many telling illustrations from nature and culture, Owl will appeal to the many devotees of this emblematic bird. Despite the fact that many have never seen or even heard an owl, he illustrates through this enticing read that the owl’s presence is still very real to us today.
Desmond Morris is a well-known and critically acclaimed writer and broadcaster. His many books include The Naked Ape (1967), The Human Zoo (1969), and The Human Animal (1994), and he has contributed to numerous natural history and scientific publications....more
Paperback, 216 pages
Published November 15th 2009 by Reaktion Books (first published 2009)