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What Is Special Education Essays

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Special Education and Inclusion

Many people seem to look past how learning-disabled students would feel to be placed in a mainstream classroom which includes students without disabilities rather than go to class in a segregated/special education classroom with only other students who also have learning disabilities. There are many researches constantly going on studying the effects of inclusion in classrooms to see if learning-disabled students achieve better in mainstream classes. Students with learning disabilities feel better about themselves when they are included in classes with their peers who don’t have learning disabilities.

Some terms regarding inclusion education should be clarified so that a person who is not…show more content…

The law requires the students to be placed in the LRE, but it is not ordered for students to be mainstreamed. The new Disabilities Act and Special Education Needs Act strongly supports the right of children to attend mainstream classes/schools.

There have been many studies in the past decades on special education children who have special needs and those children who don’t have special needs. One study was done with 20 pairs/40 students ranging in ages from six to 19 in parts of New York, California, and Washington. The hypothesis of the researchers was that if the two different types of students would achieve the same amount over a period of time, and if they didn’t, then they would have to find out why the inclusive programs did not reveal positive outcomes. The inclusive students performed better and achieved higher grades on post-test measures than the segregated students did (Meyer, 2001). These findings were then used to persuade schools to invest into more inclusion environments for special education students.

Another study was performed on students whose ages ranged from six to nine years old in a mainstream classroom to vote other children as a best friend, regular friend, work buddy or non-school buddy. Children with severe learning disabilities received fewer nominations for being a best friend than students without disabilities did. When the results of 1.75 (students with learning disabilities) versus 2.1 (students without learning

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Gender
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV, 1994), the category of disorders under which autism falls is pervasive developmental disorders (PDD). Autism is often referred to as belonging in a “spectrum” of disorders. Autism is a severe disorder of communication and behavior. It is a lifelong disorder that usually appears during the first three years of life. It occurs in approximately 15 in 10,000 births, ten percent are classically autistic, the most severe form of autism. Autism is four times more likely to occur in males than females and there is no known cause or cure for autism (Sullivan, cited in Sewell, 1998).
Educational Placement Parents and advocates began to challenge…show more content…

Children with mild disabilities are most often placed in full time general education classes, where more moderate or severe/profound students are served in a traditional day class/resource room setting with very little integration into the general education environment (Palmer, Fuller, Arora, & Nelson, 2001).
A study conducted by Kasari et al. (1999) examined the perceptions of parents toward inclusion of students with Down’s syndrome and students with autism. The study specifically looked at the parent’s satisfaction and perceived advantages of their child’s educational program. This study also examined the parental desire for changes in their child’s current educational placement.
Employment
Another issue that continues to be difficult for students in Special Education as they transition to adulthood is finding and keeping employment. Work is not only important for economic support, but also for opportunities to interact socially and to gain a sense of pride (Heward, 2006). Students with special needs may have a difficult time finding employment due to the extent of their disabilities or because of employers’’ misconceptions about their disabilities. There are a variety of issues that come up in relation to students with special needs finding employment, but one important topic is impact that higher education has on employment.
According to Heward (2006), postsecondary education significantly improves the chances of students with

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