India is a vast country with second largest population and seventh largest land area in the world. The population of India is more than 1.2 billion.
There are 29 states mainly on the basis of linguistic lines. There are wide variety of languages and that of culture, festivals, dress and mode of living is even greater.
There lies cultural unity among Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists and other communities in India.
On the north of India there are Himalayan mountain ranges. It protects India as its guardian. There is Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal and Arabian Ocean in the south, south-east and south-west respectively.
The highest point in India lies in the Kanchenjunga mountains. The longest river is River Ganga.
India has a tri-colored national flag. The three colors are saffron, white and green. The Ashok Chakra in the center of the India flag denotes righteousness.
The national anthem and song are “Jana Gana Mana” and “Vande Mataram” respectively. In the National Emblem, there are four lions standing back to back denoting courage and strength.
The civilization of Harappa and Indus Valley in India is believed to be more than 4000 years old. The Rig Vedic period started at around 1700 B.C. India was highly civilized and well developed by 500 B.C. India witnessed a golden period under Gupta Empire during 320 A.D and 500 A.D. The Delhi Sultanate ruled from 1206 to 1526. The Mughal period was from 1526 to 1857. Bahadur Shah II was the last Mughal Emperor. The British ruled thereafter. India got its independence on 15th August, 1947.
Several religions originated from India such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. Islam, Christianity and other religions also found its place in India.
There is no national language in India. There are many regional languages and several other local dialects. These languages mainly belong to Indo-Aryan and Dravadian family. There are 22 official languages in India.
The major Hindu Festivals are Diwali, Durga puja, Dussehra, Raksha Bandhan, Holi etc. The major Muslim festivals are Ramadan, Eid, Muharram, etc. The major Sikh festivals are Holla Mohalla, Vaisakhi, Guru Nanak Gurpurab, etc. The Christians celebrate Christmas, Good Friday, Easter, St. Valentine’s Day, etc.
New Delhi is the Capital city of India. The other metro cities are Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai. The other major cities are Bangalore, Mysore, Chandigarh, Raipur, etc.
Indian Culture has a rich history of more than four thousand years. The national culture of India aims for perfect blend of Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Sikhism, and other wide variety of regional cultures.
Please also read, Interesting Facts about India and Short Paragraph on India.
Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles
Essay No. 01
India is my country. India is the seventh largest country of the world after Russia, Canada, China, U.S.A Brazil and Australia. In population, she is the second largest country of the world. It is only 2.4 per cent of the total area of the world. Our country has about 1605 per cent of the total population of the world. Thus every seventh person of the world is an Indian. Due to its vastness in size. It is described as a sub- continent. The international boundary of India passes through a variety of land forms- barren desert lands. Green agricultural fields, gushing rivers, snow- clad mountains and densely forested mountains.
The tropic of cancer runs through the middle of the country, dividing into two parts – the North India and the South India. Monsoon climate and various soils lead to a variety of agricultural crops in our country. Long growing season also helps Indian farmer raise agricultural crops throughout the year Various crops such as rice, wheat, barley, maize, jowar, and bajra are grown here. Beside these, we have pulses, oil seeds, sugarcane, potatoes, tea, coffee and fruits. India has been a leading producer of species since time immemorial.
The level of the development of manufacturing industries decides the strength of a country’s economy. We have industries divided into two major groups – agro – based and mineral – based industries. We have textile industries. Textile includes cotton, jute, wool, silk and synthetic fibers. The sugar industry ranks second amongst the agro- industries in India. Uttar Pradesh is the leader producer of sugar.
In India we have a federal form of government. It means that we have two separate levels of government – at the centre and at the state level. At present the Indian Federation includes 25 States and 7 Union territories. The Constitution of India provides for a parliamentary form of government. President is the nominal executive head of the country. A large number of powers are vested in him by the Prime Minister and other members of Council of Ministers. The President is bound to act on the advice of Council of Ministers. The central government has three organs – the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. The Central Legislative is known as Parliament. The Central Executive includes President, Vice President, Prime Minister an Union Council of Ministers. The judiciary is the Supreme Court of India. The Prime Minister is the ex-officio chairman of the Planning Commission. Thus we see that the Prime Minister is the real ruler of the country.
In my country linguistic, religious, social and political diversity has played an important role in making the Indian culture rich. The Hindu Dharm spread the felling of tolerance. Buddhism and Jainism spread the principle of non- violence and Islam spread the idea of one God.
India stretches from Kashmir in the north to Kanyakumari in the South and from Kandla in the west to Kohima in the east. Transport and communication network is essential for economic integration, social interaction and the defence of the country. We have National Highways, State Highways, District Roads and village roads. Every district city is connected with railway network. In India, big cities are Delhi, the capital of India, Bombay, Chennai, Calcutta, Jaipur, Patna, Nagpur, Agra. The most pious rivers are Ganga, Yumuna, Naravada, Mahanadi , etc. we have the Himalayas in the north, Nilgiri in the south , Vindhyachal in the centre. Our country is called India, Hindustant or Bharat. It is my county. I have been living in it since my birth, I am proud of it. I am always prepared to sacrifice everything even my life for my country.
Essay No. 2
India is my country. She is dear to me than everything else in the world. She is a great country. It has a great past. All of us are proud of her culture and civilization. She has produced great sons and daughters who served her beyond limits. It is one of the oldest countries of the world. Its age-old traditions and culture are worth the name. the history of this country dates back to thousands of years. The glories of times that it was called the “Golden Sparrow” and traders throughout the world wished to travel here and see its glories glorious ancient period of this country was so peaceful that she produced masterpieces of literature and men of letters. It was the age of Vedas, Mahabharata and Ramayana. The great men and women of that age continue to be the torch-bearers of our culture till this day. The great Shree Rama and Shree Krishna were the products of that age.
The modern times saw many upheavals in this country. the foreign invaders looted the rich heritage of this country for hollowed this country. The country suffered foreign rule for centuries together which changed its face to a large extent. Such was the strength of the cultural heritage of the this country that in spite of suffering the foreign yoke for centuries together , the soul of this country remained unchanged. It tried to adapt with every new influence received with every new ruler. Many foreign cultures, languages, religions and thoughts influenced the fabric of this country but the base remained unchanged because of its strong foundations. Britishers were the last to slave this country for more than a century. They left no stone unturned to leave their influences permanently. It was the last blow. Which left the masses of this country poor, terror- stricken, fearful, needy and diseased.
Then after a continued struggle of our freedom fighters for long decades our country saw the face of Independence on 15th August, 1947 form the foreign rule and she became the largest democracy of the world but completely bruised. The Britishers played the dirtiest game of the modern times by encouraging her partition and Pakistan came into being. The process took its tool as thousands of innocent citizens were killed in the frenzy of Hindu- Muslim strives.
Now my country is taking strides towards her development though not so speedily but still satisfactorily. We are proud of our mixed culture and secular democratic set- up. It has raised our prestige in the international community as we have been successfully continuing our development processes and democratic institutions despite many hazards.
I wish my country progress by leaps and bounds and keep its integrity and honour quite intact for all times to come.
Essay No. 03
India—A Great Country
The name of my country is India. It is a very big country. In the matter of population it is next only to China. Its population is more than 100 crore of people.
India is divided into several States. Some of the big States are Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, etc. Among the Union Territories there are Chandigarh, Pondicherry, etc.
Jammu and Kashmir lies in the north of India. The southernmost Indian State is Tamil Nadu. India is spread from Kashmir to Kanya Kumari and from Assam to Gujarat.
The Indian people believe in different religions. They eat different kinds of food and wear different kinds of clothes. They speak different languages. But they are all Indians.
India is an ancient country. It remained under foreign rule for many centuries. In 1947, it became independent. It adopted a democratic set up. It became a republic in 1950.
India is a sovereign, secular country. All the citizens of India have equal rights. They have some fundamental rights and duties.
Among India’s neighbours are China, Myarunar, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan and Afghanistan. India is a peace loving country. It wants friendship with all the countries of the world, particularly with its neighbours.
India is making a rapid progress in all fields, particularly in telecommunications. It is paying attention to industrialization on war footing. It is already self-sufficient in food. For having become a big military and economic power, India is now known as “The Asian Tiger”
India is trying to tackle the problems of unemployment, illiteracy, disease, corruption, poverty, etc. Let us hope for the best.